八年级英语第十单元Home and work_八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力

2012-12-12 初二英语教案 来源:互联网 作者:



1. 词汇


四会:doctor, aunt, bookseller, cleaner, grow, building, city, town, village,show, twelfth,use, start, lift,

三会:again, passage, province, Toronto.

B.词组:part of the U.S.A, the town/city of …, a place called…, take…down, go up

and down, get out of…/into…, the last four floors, the ground floor, press the number ten.


How many floors does the building have?

3.语法 the verb to do动词do.



①-Do you live in China? -Yes, I do.你住在中国吗?—是的。

②-Does your father often have a walk after supper? -No, he doesn’t.


③They don’t live on the 14th floor. 他们不住在十四层楼。

④She doesn’t look like her sister. 她看上去不象她的姐姐。


1)肯定句:He is a teacher. 疑问句:Is he a doctor? 否定句:He is not a doctor.

2)肯定句:They are playing football on the playground.

疑问句:Are they playing basketball now?

否定句:They are not playing basketball how.

3)肯定句:My parents are going to watch T V this evening.

疑问句:Are your parents going to watch T V this evening?

否定句:My parents are not going to watch T V this evening.

2. do与某些动词的-ing形式搭配


1) do some /the shopping购物,2) do some /the cooking做饭,3) do some /the reading读书 4) do some /the cleaning打扫卫生,5) do some /the washing洗衣服

3.动词+双宾语(直接宾语something, 间接宾语somebody )

这类动词常见的有give, pass, show, sell, buy, tell, read, teach, lend等。可用两种结构,即:

v.+sb+sth或v.+sth to/for sb.例如:

1) Please give me the book. =Please give the book to me. 请把书给我。

2) Will you please pass me a cup of tea? =Will you please pass a cup of tea to me?


3) Could you show us your new pictures? =Could you show your new pictures to us?


4) Mr. Wang is going to tell us a story tomorrow afternoon. =Mr. Wang is going to tell a story to us tomorrow afternoon. 王先生明天下午要给我们讲一个故事。

5) Mr. Wu is going to teach them English this term. =Mr. Wu is going to teach English to them this term. 吴先生这学期要教他们英语。

6) The students read their teacher English every day. =The students read English to them every day. 学生们每天都给他们的老师读英语。

7) Could you lend me your bike? =Could you lend your bike to me?


8) The shop sells students all school things. =The shop sells all school things to students.


9) My mother is going to buy me a new coat. =My mother is going to buy a new coat for me.



1)英语中习惯于把短的宾语放在长的宾语前面,以避免头重脚轻。例句2)中的pass me a cup of tea要比pass a cup of tea to me好。

2)如果表示物(即something)的直接宾语是代词it/them, 则只能用v.+sth to /for sb 例如:Pass it to me.而不能说Pass me it.


①Will you show me to the teachers’ office? 你可以带我去教师办公室吗?

②Let me show you into his home. 我来带你进他的住所。

③He is showing his friends around the school. 他正带着他的朋友参观学校。



①We grow many trees and flowers on both sides of the street.


②The farmers grow rice in this field. 农民们在这块田里种植水稻。

③The girl is growing her hair. 那个女孩儿正在留长发。


①We have grown up. 我们已经长大了。

②He has grown into a strong boy. 他已经成长为一个健壮的小伙子。

③The city of Beijing is growing fast. 北京城正在飞速发展。

5.up and down (…)


1)A cat is running up and down the tree. 一只猫正在上上下下地爬树。

2)A lot of boats are coming /going up and down the river.


3)The old man is walking up and down the room. 那位老人在房间里来回踱着步。

4)He goes up and down by lift. 他乘电梯上下。

☆注:up and down在句1)2)3)中是介词,在句4)中是副词。



1) I live in a house in a small village outside the city. 我住在城外小村庄的一所房子里。

2) My son Peter studies in Class Four Grade One in No.14 Middle school.


3) They are going to have a class meeting at three tomorrow afternoon.


4) I watch T V on Saturday evening every meek. 我每星期六晚上看电视。



1) Classes begin /start at half past seven. (我们)七点半钟开始上课。

2) My father usually begins (starts ) his work / begins (starts) to work / begins (starts)

wording at eight in the morning. 我父亲通常早上八点种开始工作。

3) We are beginning /starting to go over our lessons. 我们正在开始复习功课。

4) Leaves begin /start to turn yellow. 树叶开始变黄了。


1) begin和start即可作及物动词,也可做不及物动词。如句1)句2)。

2) begin和start用于进行时的时候,后面只可接不定式,而不可接动词-ing形式。如句3)。

3) 当主语表示事物时,begin和start后面也接不定式,不接动词-ing形式。如句4)。



1) When are they going to finish their homework? 他们打算什么时候完成作业 ?

2) I usually finish reading or writing at eight in the evening.


3) The building will finish in two years. 这座大楼两年后竣工。




1) Isn’t she right? 难道她不对吗?(说话人认为她是对的,表示怀疑。)

2) Don’t you know me? 难道你不认识我了吗?(说话人认为对方应该认识自己,表示惊奇。)

3) Why don’t you go shopping with me? =Why not go shopping with me?


4) Why doesn’t he answer your call? 他为什么不给你回电话呢?(说话人想要知道原因,即答案,表示疑问。)


1) [s] 字母s, c (在e, i, y前), 字母组合ss, se均可发此音。例如:say, yes, class, pass, house, house, horse, face, office, city, certainly.

2) [z] 字母z, s, 字母组合se都发这个音。例如:zoo, busy, blouse.

3) [sp-], [st-], [sk-], [sm-], [sw-], 以上为辅音连缀sp, st, sk, sm和sw的发音。例如: speak, study, skirt, smile, sweater.



( )1) A.busy B.blouse C.nose D.house

( )2) A.car B.city C.face D.office

( )3) A.show B.window C.grow D.town

( )4) A.village B.passage C.past D.orange

( )5) A.drink B.machine C.lift D.fish

( )6) A.great B.read C.leave D.clean

( )7) A.twelve B.elephant C.chicken D.question

( )8) A.city B.why C.sorry D.worry

( )9) A.photo B.hot C.post D.close

( )10)A.blue B.usually C.student D.use


1) Lucy’s brother works in London. (改为否定句)

2) They like to read books very much. (改为一般疑句)

3) The woman in white is a doctor. (就划线部分提问)

4) We live on the sixth floor. (同上)

5) My father usually takes a walk after supper. (同上)


give, pass, buy, take, start, lend, show, mend, teach

1) He is hungry. Will you please him some bread in a shop?

2) It is too late. There is no bus now. You’d better a taxi (出租车).

3) Daddy, I’m going to write a letter. Could you me some paper, Please?

4) –Is that your bike? --Yes, it is .—Can you it to me? --Certainly.

5) This is not my ruler. It’s Kate’s. Kate the ruler please, Li ly.

6) His mother is a shop keeper. She shoes.

7) He doesn’t know the way to Bei hai park. Let me him the way.

8) The first term of a school year in September.

9) Miss Gao doesn’t us English this term.

10) There is something wrong with my watch. Can you it for me?


1)— does his uncle work? -On a farm.

A. What B. How C. Where D. When

2)Jack not living on the top floor.

A. do…likes B. do…likes C. do…likes D. does…like

3)How is this elephant? It’s about nine hundred Kilos.

A. tall B. heavy C. far D. long

4)We have English lessons Friday afternoon.

A. in B. at C. on D. for

5) He sometimes goes to work the bike.

A. on B. by C. in D. with

6) They are living in a place Richmind.

A. calls B. called C. call D. to call

7) —what does Mary do? -She . A. does some reading

B. is helping her mother C. is good at English D. works in an office

8) My father works in a town about 500 Kilometres here.

A. away B. from C. far from D. near to

9) How many floors the building ?

A. does…have B. do…have C. does…has D. do…has

10) This is my haw house let me .

A. show you in B. show you into

C. show you it D. show it to you

11) –Do you have a pen, Jack? -No. Can you buy ?

A. it for me B. one to me C. me it D. one for me

12) She is a worker. She makes in a factory.

A. shoes…shoes B. shoes …shoe

C. shoe …shoes D. shoe …shoe

13) Who runs in your Class?

A. fastest B. faster C. fast D. most fast

14) After you use the pen. Please in time (及时).

A. give it back to me B. give to me it back

C. give it to me back D. give me to it back

15) –Can you someone outside the door? -Yes. Who is it?

A. hear B. listen C. hear about D. listen


It’s a Sunday morning. Lin Tao has no school today. He has breakfast and goes out. He is going to his grand father’s home. Now he is on his way there. He walks and walks. Then he comes to a river. The river is not wide (宽)。There is a bridge (桥) over the river. Lin Tao walks onto the bridge. Suddenly he falls into the river. “Help! Help!” Lin Tao cries. But no one comes. There is no one nearby. He waits in the water for sometime. But nothing happens. He begins to get up. Aha, the water is not very deep. It only comes to half his legs (腿)。

1) Lin Tao goes to his grandfather’s home .

A. at eight on a Sunday morning B. at eight in the morning

C. on a Sunday morning D. in a Sunday morning

2) The river is .

A. very wide but not deep B. very deep but not wide

C. very wide and deep D. not wide or deep

3) Lin Tao falls into the river .

A. when he is walking on the bridge B. when he comes to a river

C. when he gets to his grandfather’s home

D. when he walks along the river

4) comes to help him.

A. A man nearby B. no one C. His grandfather D. His friend

5) Lin Tao the river at last.

A. walks out of B. waits in C. walks into D. walks on


Bessie is only five. She doesn’t go to 1 and of course she 2 how to read and write. But her 3 Mary is a school girl. She is ten.

One day, Mary sees her little sister at a table with a 4 5 her hand and a big piece of 6 in front of 7 . “What are you doing, Bessie?” She asks.

“I’m writing 8 to my friend kitty.”

“But how can you? Says her sister, “You can’t write.”

“Well.” says Bessie, “It doesn’t matter, 9 kitty doesn’t know how to 10 .

( )1.A.work B.city C.farm D.school

( )2.A.know B.doesn’t know C.knows D.don’t know

( )3.A.sister B.mother C.brother D.friend

( )4.A.ruler B.book C.pen D.box

( )5.A.on B.with C.in D.out of

( )6.A.bread B.paper C.meat D.wood (木头)

( )7.A.her B.hers C.she D.she’s

( )8.A.a book B.a lesson C.a letter D.a film

( )9.A.So B.but C.and D.because

( )10. A.read B.listen C.see D.write


1. D A D C B A C B B A

2. 1) Lncy’s brother doesn’t work in London.

2) Do they like to read very much?

3) What is the woman in white? / What does the woman in white do?

4) Which floor do you live on?

5) What does your father usually do after supper?

3. 1) buy 2) take 3) pass 4) lend 5) Give 6) sells 7) show 8) start 9) teach

10) mend

4. C D B C A B D B A A D B A A A

5. C D A B A

6. D B A C C B A C D A

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