首页教案库

八年级英语第二单元How do you come to school?

2012-12-12 初二英语教案 来源:互联网 作者:


章节 第二单元

关键词

内容

一、教法建议

【抛砖引玉】

本单元主要内容:(一)复习一般现在时;(二)专有名词的使用;(三)生词及习语。本单元知识点多而杂,但都很重要,而交际部分与日常生活比较密切,因此,应多创设语言环境。在课堂上,应以对话、问话为主。每讲一个知识点时,应配合一个例子,测试学生的反应力、接受力及创造力。使学生在语言环境中,领悟到语言的功用及魅力。

【指点迷津】

根据本单元知识点多实用性强的特点,应多用举例法和联想法激发学生兴趣。

(一)本单元难点:1.复习一般现在时。2.专有名词的使用。3.新词汇及习语的记忆4.本单元知识点:

(1)How

much


…can you…?

many


例如:①How many birds can you see?

②How much fish can you catch?

(2)go (come)+by car /train /bike /bus

go (come)+in a car/in his car.

例如:①They go to The Great Wall by train.

②We come here in my car.

(3)go (come)+on foot (一种动作)

be+on foot (一种状态)

例如:We go to the zoo on foot .

(4)Walk to+名词

Walk+副词(不用to)

例如: ①Let/'s walk to the clothes factory.

②It isn/'t too far .Let/'s walk there.

(5)句型对比:

①I usually come to school by bus.

But today

I on foot (×)

I/'m on foot (√)


②How does your father

go to work?(√)

go to his factory?(√)

go to there?(×)


③How many students usually come to school

by their bikes?(×)

on their foot ?(×)

by bus ?(√)


(6)关于have的含义:

①have supper吃晚饭;②have lessons上课。

例如:

We have supper at 7:30 every day.

How many lessons do you have today?


(二)解决难点的关键:结合本课知识点多而杂的特点,要通过各种简单易懂的例子,使学生在教师的指导下模仿例子,然后让学生造出新的例句。

二、学海导航

【学法指要】

为了帮助学生巩固本单元所学知识,精选以下几道不同类型的题目,仅供参考。

1.How______do you want ? Ten kilos.

A.much rice B.many rice C.much rices D.heavy rice

【提示】四个选项很接近,关键要明确rice是不可数名词,这样答案就不难选了。

【答案】A

2、_______moon goes around the earth ,and the earth goes around_______sun .

A、The…不填 B.不填…the C.不填…不填 D.The…the

【提示】定冠词the用于表示世界上独一无二或被视为整体的东西的名词前。例如: the sun,

the moon, the earth, the sea,the land,the sky, the weather。

【答案】D

3、Open the window!_______is nice and clean.

A、Today air B.Air of today C.Air today D.The air today

【提示】 today作后置定语修饰air , air前要加定冠词the.

【扩展】The air today is nice and clean.意思是:今天的空气非常/很清新。英语nice and和good and同样是一个习惯用语,用在形容词之前加强语气,其含义是very (很、非常),实际上就是一个偏正结构,nice and对后面的形容词起了修饰作用。

例如: I was good and hungry.我当时很饿。

【答案】D

4.We often_______(clean )our classroom after school.

【提示】一般现在时表示经常性、反复性和习惯性的现时行为。当句子主语为除第三人称单数外的其他人称时(一、二人称单数及复数各人称),一般现在时的构成为动词原形。由于一般现在时所表现的是现时行为的三性(经常性、反复性和习惯性),所以常用的时间状语有:often,sometimes, every,usually,always,ly等。

【答案】clean

5.Who_______(watch)TV every day? Do you know?

【提示】首先看时间状语,判定是一般现在时。然后,判定用watch还是watches,在不知道是谁的情况下,一律用单数。

【答案】watches

6.What time do the students have lunch?(用Tom改句子)

【提示】完成本题关键在于要明确一般现在时的构成:

①主语+谓语+宾语+状语;

②当主语是一、二人称或复数人称时,谓语动词不变;

③当主语是单数第三人称时,谓语动词要变化(+s或es),如变此句为一般疑问句用does,然后谓语动词恢复原形。

【答案】What time does Tom have lunch?

7.“_______do they get there?”“By air.”

A、What B. Where C. How D. Which

【提示】By air意思是by plane,译作乘飞机。对by air进行提问,在四个选项中只有C是对的。

【答案】C

【妙文赏析】

I Get an A in Maths

Mr Brown was born in a poor family .He couldn/'t go to school when he was young. Now he/'s a porter (搬运工)and works at a station. He doesn/'t think it/'s necessary (必要的)to know some knowledge(知识)of science .His son, Bill, began to go to school last year. The boy likes nothing except playing. He doesn/'t listen to the teachers in class and can/'t do his homework after class. It/'s the hardest thing for him do maths exercises .And he wents to drop it .

Last evening, Mrs Brown heard Bill crying in the next room ,while she and her husbend were watehing TV. She came up to him and asked,“what/'s the matter, Bill?”

“I can/'t do my maths homework,”said the women.“Maybe your father can help you.”

Then she asked her husband to help their son with his maths. Mr Brow said,“but I don/'t know maths, either.”

“It doesn/'t matter,” said his wife .“You/'ll only coax him out of crying .”

Mr Brow had to do as his wife said. The next afternoon Bill came back and showed his exercise-book to his father. The man had a look at it and shouted to his wife,“ come here quickly ,dear ! I got an A in maths!”

【思路点拨】

1.第一句就告诉读者,Mr Brown was born in a poor family ,接下来讲,He couldn/'t go to school .就是说Mr Brown未能上学是因为他家境贫寒。

2、在文章中指出:The boy likes nothing except playing,这就是他无法完成作业 的最主要原因。

3、Their son, Bill ,began to go to school last year.从这句话可以看出Bill还不到十岁,像这么大的孩子,哭泣大都是为了一些小事。

为了帮助学生更好地理解本篇文章,可设计三个问题:

1.Which of the following is true?

A. Mr Brown was going to be a porter when he was young.

B. Mr Brown/'s parents were too poor to send him to school.

C. Mr Brown wasn/'t interested in science when he was young.

D. There was no school in Mr Brown/'s home town .

2.Bill can/'t do his homework because _______.

A、his father wouldn/'t help him

B、he doesn/'t listen to his teachers

C、he doesn/'t like studying

D、he wants to drop maths

3.Bill cried to _______.

A、get his parents/' help

B、go to bed earlier

C、get something to eat

D、watch TV with his parents

【答案】① B ② C ③ D

【思维体操】

1.Which is more ,an English pound or an American dollar?

_______is more than _______.

A、An English pound; an American dollar

B、An English pound; a American dollar

C、An American dollar; an English pound

D、A American dollar; a English pound

【分析】

首先明确1英磅应是an English pound, 1美元应an American dollar,然后根据自己的课外知识,来判定哪个选项是对的。

【答案】A

三、智能显示

【心中有数】

本单元重点:一般现在时和专有名词的使用。在各级各类考试中,一般现在时是必考时态,而专有名词偶而出现。

【动脑动手】

1.请用meal , breakfast , lunch, supper填空。

①I usually have three_______a day.

②How many _______do you usually have a day? Only two.

③It/'s six thing in the morning. It/'s time to have _______.

④My father sometimes has _______at seven o/'clock in ghe evening.

⑤His mother often has _______at school at noon.

【答案】①meals ②meals ③breakfast ④lunch ⑤supper

【分析】本题是融知识性及生活性与一体的综合题。要搞清这些词的含义及区别。

meal侧重一顿饭 breakfast早餐(通过时间可断定)

lunch午餐 supper晚餐

2.下面所给的图形,均表示动作的不同频度。按照所给示例写出其它频度副词。

例: always

① _______

② _______

③ _______

【答案】①usually ②often ③sometimes

【分析】 例always用百分比应是120%

①usually用百分比显示是more then 50%。

②often用百分比显示是more then 50% 但弱于usually。

③sometimes“有时”,它的百分比less then 50%。

3.The boy is running with a nice kite with his friend .

The boy _______running with a nice kite .

【答案】and his friends are

【分析】 本题是测试你的发散思维和逆向思维能力。不仅要考虑保持原有句意而且要考虑词的位置及变行。

【创新园地】

阅读下列短文,试回答文后的问题。

In this early days of the United States of America ,①it wasn/'t easy to get from one town or city to another. There were no trains ,of course, and the roads were very poor .If a man wanted to go from one place to another ,he often had to②ri a horse. And because the roads were bad ,he sometimes got very dirty.

“Do you a man came into a hotel in a little country town?” Your clothes were very dirty and you looked very tired.

“Do you have a room here for me ?”he asked. The man at the desk thought ,“I don/'t want this man ③ stay here, he/'s too dirty for my hotel.“I/'m sorry,” he said.“We have any more rooms .There/'s a small hotel down the street.You can ask there.”

Soon an important-looking man④having fine clothes⑤o came into the hotel.“I/'ve come to see Mr. Jefferson,/'he said .“Mr Jefferson?敗/'yes,Vice-Preeident Jefferson, we planned to meet here./' The hotel man was⑥su .“A man in dirty clothes was just here. I thought he was a farmer ,and sent him to another hotel a few minntes ago/'The hotel man hurried to the Vice-President/'s room in the other hotel.

“Oh,Mr Jefferson.”he⑦(cry) .“I/'m very sorry. I thought you were a farmer. We have a room at our hotel. Please come back.”

“No,”said Mr Jefferson.“If there/'s no room for a farmer, there/'s no room for the Vice President, ⑧e .”

【注】①an important-looking man 像伟人的人

②Vice-President 副总统

1、试回答①处的it在句中所指的最初的词和最后的词。

2、试在②处写出单词的完整形式。

3、试在③处填入最合适的单词。

4、试将④划线处的词,改写成两个英语单词。

5、试在⑤处写出单词的完整形式。

6、试在⑥处写出单词的完整形式。

7、试将⑦处的单词写出完整形式。

8、试在⑧处写出单词的完整形式。

同学们思考后,可将你的答案反馈给我们。


论文库【http://www.zlcool.com/lw/

相关教案
无相关信息