首页教案库

九年级英语第六单元

2011-08-21 初三英语教案 来源:互联网 作者:


科目 英语
年级 初三
文件 middle3 unit6.doc
标题 In the library
章节 第六单元
关键词
内容
教学目标 
1. 词汇
A. 单词
四会: several, yet, on, reading room, return, polite, politely, star,
everywhere, pay (paid, paid), before, ever,
三会: dictionary, shelf (shelves), anywhere, helpful, pity, history
B. 词组/句型
have got =have in the school library
on the shelf find + n./pron. + prep.短语
five minutes ago in the reading room
on time work at one/'s desk
borrow sth. from sb pay for sth
at that moment Please be more careful.
from now on never …before
Not at all. speak to sb
foreign music travel on a train
hours ago
2. 日常用语
* Excuse me. Have you got … ?
* Sorry. I haven/'t got one.
* Sorry. We haven/'t got any at the moment.
* Have you seen it anywhere?
* I/'m so glad.
* Excuse me, have you got any … ?
* I/'ve looked for it everywhere.
* I can/'t find it anywhere.
* What a pity!
* Please be more careful from now on!
* I/'ve never lost a book before.
* It won/'t happen again.
* Have you ever made dumplings?
* I/'ve just done my homework.
* Has he returned his library book yet?

3. 语法: The Present Perfect Tense (1) 现在完成时(一)
1) 构成: have/has + done
2) 过去分词的构成:
规则形式: ask asked asked
travel travelled travelled
不规则形式: lose lost lost
eat ate eaten
find found found
3) Statement forms陈述句形式
I/You/We/They have just seen …
He/She/It has just seen …
4) Question forms疑问句形式
Have you/we/they seen … yet?
Has he/she/it seen … yet?
Short answers简略答语
Yes, I/you/we/they have.
Yes, he/she/it has.
No, I/you/we/they haven/'t.
No, he/she/it hasn/'t.

教学重点与难点:
1. have got =have
★have got形式上是现在完成时,但实际上却和have同一个意思。
She has got a new watch.=She has a new watch.
她有一块新手表。
Has she got a new watch?=Does she have a new watch?
她有新手表吗?
She hasn/'t got a new watch. =She doesn/'t have a new watch.
她没有新手表。
★have to有时也可用have got to代替
Have you got to go there by bus? =Do you have to go there by bus?
你必须坐公共汽车去吗?
2. 现在完成时的用法(一)
★ 对现状有影响的某个已发生的动作,或者说动作虽发生在过去,
但对现在有很大影响.
I have lost my bike.
我将自行车丢了。
Thank you. I/'ve had my supper.
谢谢,我吃过晚饭了。
I have seen the film.
我看过这部电影。
★句中如有一个表示过去时间的状语,则强调过去某一时刻所发生的动作,谓语动词应用一般过去时,而不用现在完成时。
I have found my bike.
我找到自行车了。
I found it this morning/yesterday/last week/three days ago.
我是今天早上/昨天/上周/三天前找到它的。
The visitors have left.
参观者已经离开了。
They left just now/a moment ago/before I came.
他们刚刚/片刻之前/在我来之前离开的。
★句中如有already, just, yet, every, never, before这类副词作状语,谓语动词常用现在完成时。
yet一般用于疑问句或否定句中,位于句尾或助动词后。
already, just, ever, never常位于助动词后,before常位于句尾。
never, ever和before有时也可以与一般过去时连用。
She has already finished her work.
她已经完成她的工作了。
They have just won a relay race.
他们才赢得了接力赛的胜利。
Have you got ready yet? Not yet.
你准备好了吗?还没有。
Have you ever spoken to a foreigner?
你曾经和外国人讲过话吗?
I have never read this book.
我从来没读过这本书。
Have you listened to this song before?
你以前听过这首歌吗?
★ago不能单独使用,应说three days ago, hours ago, a minute ago, a long time ago等,与过去时连用。before可单独使用,一般与完成时连用。

3. several的用法
adj. 几个的,数个的,数人的(至少3人)
There are several students in the classroom.
教室里有几个学生。
I met him several days ago.
我几天前遇见过他。
pron. (视为复数) 几个,数个,数人
Several of the students put up their hands.
几个学生举起了手。

4. on prep. 有关,关于…方面(比about表示更专门的内容, 即on 多暗示内容属于专门性,而about则多用在内容或观点 比较一般性的情形)
a book on Shakespeare
一本有关莎士比亚的书
a talk about money
一个有关钱的讲演
Do you have any idea on this subject?
你对这个话题了解吗?

5. be strict in sth.
对某事严格要求
be strict with sb.
对某人严格要求
He is strict with himself in everything.
他在每件事情上都对自己很严格。
She is very strict with everybody.
她对每个人都很严格。

6. return的用法
1) vi. 回到 (=go back)
My father will return to this factory this morning.
我的父亲会在今天早上回到工厂。
Many fish have returned to the river.
已经有很多鱼回到了那条河里。
2) vt. 归还 (=give back) You must return the book to the library on time.
你必须按时将书还给图书馆。
He hasn/'t returned me my bike yet.
他还没还给我自行车呢。

7. on time准时 / in time及时
The train starts on time. 火车准时出发。
She will be back in time to get ready for the dinner.
她会及时赶回来为晚饭做好准备的。

8. look round/around/about … 环顾,四下寻找
I/'ve looked round the whole school.
我已经找遍了整所学校。

9. whole和all的用法
★whole一般位于冠词、物主代词或别的限定词之后,而all须位于 这些词之前。
all the time =the whole time
all my life =my whole time
al the class =the whole class

【注】如名词前没有限定词,不能用whole, 如可以说all day,而不能说whole day
★all和whole都可指“未经分割的整体”,all还可用来指“已经分 割或分散的”人和物,而whole不能这样用。
the whole school =all the school
all the classes (不能说the whole classes)
★whole一般不能修饰不可数名词或物质名词,修饰复数名词时一般 前面有数量词,而all能用于各种情况。
all the money ( 不能说the whole money)
three whole days

10. pay + sb + money + for sth. 为了(某事物)付款给(某人)
=pay + money + to sb + for sth
Did you pay him 100 dollars for the old bike?
=Did you pay 100 dollars to him for the old bike?
你是付给他100块来买那辆旧自行车吗?

11. from now on(副)从今以后
I will be more careful from now on.
从今以后我会更小心仔细的。
I will work hard from now on.
从今以后我会努力工作的。

同步练习
I. 单词辨音。
1. A. politeB. pityC. giveD. strict
2. A. severalB. shelfC. reportD. helpful
3. A. whiteB. whatC. whereD. whose
4. A. paysB. awayC. saysD. plays
5. A. scienceB. dictionaryC. excuseD. music
6. A. starB. parkC. quarterD. hard
7. A. houseB. countC. aboutD. country
8. A. learnB. earlyC. heartD. earth

II. 找出与划线部分意思相同或相近的词语。
( ) 1. Miss Yang is very helpful.
A. reads many books
B. is a very kind teacher
C. is always ready to help others
( ) 2. There are several books on the shelf.
A. some
B. few
C. many
( ) 3. She always comes on time.
A. late
B. early
C. not late or early
( ) 4. At that moment, Lucy came into the library.
A. Now
B. At that time
C. Just now
( ) 5. He returned the book to the library.
A. bought
B. gave back
C. borrowed
III. 用所给动词的适当形式填空。
1. ________ you ________ (write) a letter in English before.
2. I ___________________ (just read) an interesting story.
3. Such a thing ____________ (never happen) before.
4. My brother ____________ (not do) well in the English exam (考试).
He ________ (fall) behind. He ________ (be) more careful from now on.
5. As you ________ (lose) your pen, you can use mine now.
6. When you ________ (do) your work, you can have a holiday.
7. When you ________ (come) tomorrow, please bring your wife.
8. I ________ (ride) my bike along when something ________ (hit) me from behind.
IV. 综合选择。
1. I lost my book yesterday. So my mother told me to be ________ from then on.
A. most careful
B. more careful
C. carefuler
D. more carefuler
2. I lost a science book and had to go to the library to __________ .
A. pay it
B. pay for
C. pay it for
D. pay for it
3. Have you returned the book ________ ?
A. as B. yet C. too D. also
4. I have studied English ________ three years.
A. for B. / C. in D. before
5. He went round the whole school and tried to ________ his lost bike.
A. find B. look for C. see D. get
6. My watch is different ________ yours.
A. as B. with C. to D. from
7. My father is a doctor in this hospital. My mother ________ here.
A. too works B. works too C. also works D. works also
8. ________ were pleased at the happy news.
A. Whole city B. The whole city C. Whole the city D. The all city
9. Our English teacher is very strict ________ us.
A. in B. to C. for D. with
10. Please try to find the answer ________ this question.
A. of B. to C. for D. with
11. “Have you ________ seen the film?” “No, never.”
A. never B. just C. ever D. yet
12. My parents like us children ________ to bed early and ________ up early.
A. going, getting B. to go, to get
C. to go, get D. going, get
13. There will be a talk ________ American history this afternoon.
A. with B. in C. on D. for
14. _________ go and ask your sister to see the film with us?
A. What about B. Why don/'t C. Why not D. Do you please
15. When you speak to your teacher, you should be ________ .
A. as polite as possible
B. as politely as possible
C. as you can as politely
D. as polite as you could
V. 阅读理解
Tom was seven years old. He went to a school near his house. He could go there and come home by bus or by school-bus every day, but he always went to school and came home on foot. He usually got back on time, but last Friday he came home late from school. When he ran into the house, his mother was in the sitting-room. When she saw him, she said, “Why are you late today, Tom?”
“My teacher was angry and sent me to the headmaster after school?” Tom answered.
“To the headmaster”his mother said in surprise.“Why did she send you to him”
“Because she asked a question in class,”Tom said,“and none of the children gave her the answer except me.”
His mother was angry. “ But why did the teacher send you the headmaster then? Why didn/'t she send all the other children” she asked Tom.
“Because her question was who put glue (胶水) on my chair”
1. Tom went to school ________ .
A. by bus B. by school-bus C. on foot D. by bike
2. Tom/'s school was ________ .
A. far from his house
B. not far from his house
C. in front of his house
D. on the other side of the street
3. Last Friday Tom came home late because ________ .
A. he didn/'t come home by bus
B. he put some glue on the teacher’s chair
C. the headmaster asked the teacher to do it
D. he could answer the question correctly (正确地)
4. Who do you think Tom/'s mother would be angry with at the end of the story?
A. Tom/'s teacher B. The headmaster C. Tom D. Tom/'s classmates

VII. 完形填空。
Nasreddin is an old man. ____1____ he and some of his old friends were talking ____2____ young people in their town. They _____3____ agreed that old people were cleverer than ____4____ . Then one of the old men said, “But young men are ____5____ than old men.”
___6____ of them agreed that it was ____7____ except (除…之外) Nasreddin. He said, “No, I am as strong now as I ____8____ in my young days.”
“____9____ do you mean” said his friends. “How ____10____ that be true (真的)?”
“Well,”said Nasreddin,“____11____ is a big stone at a corner(角落) of my field. ____12____ I was a young man, I tried to ____13____ it, but I couldn/'t. I am old now. I ____14____ can/'t move it, just like when I was ____15___ .”
1. A. A day B. Other day C. One day D. Some day 2. A. to B. with C. over D. about 3. A. both B. every C. everyone D. all 4. A. the young B. young C. the little D. little 5. Stronger B. cleverer C. better D. more foolish 6. Every B. Nobody C. All D. Some 7. Wrong B. right C. sure D. all right 8. A. am B. did C. will be D. was 9. A. How B. What C. Which D. Who 10. A. will B. must C. shall D. can 11. A. Here B. There C. This D. It 12. A. Because B. After C. When D. Before 13. A. move B. get C. carry D. find 14. A. maybe B. certainly C. sometimes D. still 15. A. old B. big C. small D. young

论文库【http://www.zlcool.com/lw/