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Useful Words and Expressions(5)

2009-03-24 法律英语 来源:互联网 作者:
(当事方为进行仲裁或接受国际法院的管辖权而签订的)协定 compromis: a special agreement beteen States to submit a particular issue either to an arbitral tribunal or to the International Court of Justice

  事实上 de facto: existing as a matter of fact rather than of right

  法律上 de jure: as a matter of legal right

  根据公允及善意的原则 ex aeque et bono: as a result of fair dealing and good conscience

  出于善意的 ex gratia: done as a matter of favour (An ex gratia payment is one not required to be made by a legal duty.)

  依职权而自然获得 ex officio: by virtue of holding an office

  事后的;溯及既往的 ex post facto: by a subsequent act (describing any legal act, such as a statute, hich has retrospective effect)

  主动的,自愿的 ex proprio motu(ex mero motu): of his on motion

  不可抗力 force majueure(法语): irresistible compulsion or coercion

  强制法 jus cogens(ius congens): coercive la; a rule or principle in international la that is so fundamental that it bins all states and does not allo any exceptions

  万民法,万国法,国际法 jus gentium: the la of people; international la

  法无明文不处罚 nulla poena sine lege: no penalty(punishment) ithout a la

  法无明文不为罪 nullum crimen sine lege: no crime ithout a la

  条约必须遵守原则 pact sunt servand: a pact is not to be surrendered (agreements are to be kept)

  自身,本身;本质上 per se

  不受欢迎的人(personna grata 受欢迎的人) personna non-grata

  初步的,表面上的 prima facie: at first appearance; on the face of things

  情势变迁原则 rebus sic standibus: change of circumstances

  无主物 res nullius: an asset susceptible of acquisition but presently under the onership or sovereignty of no legal person

  未确定时日的 sine die: ithout a date

  越权行为(与intra vires相对) ultra vires(act)

  占领地保有原则 uti possidetis

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